ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers) include losartan. It functions by obstructing a chemical in the body that tightens blood vessels. Losartan causes the blood vessels to relax as a result. The heart will receive more blood and oxygen if the blood pressure is lower.
losartan may have side effects , Even though not all of these side effects are likely to occur, if they do, medical treatment may be required.
What is losartan uses for?
is a drug that lowers the risk of stroke in those who have an enlarged heart or heart failure as well as high blood pressure (hypertension). It is a member of the medication class known as angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), which stop the effects of the hormone angiotensin II.
A powerful vasoconstrictor, angiotensin II, causes blood vessels to constrict, raising blood pressure. Losartan aids in lowering blood pressure and relaxing blood vessels by preventing the activity of this hormone.
What are the most common side effects of losartan?
Like all medications, losartan can cause side effects. Some of the most common side effects of losartan include:
- Muscle cramps
- Back pain
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
Losrtan long term side effects:
Losartan is generally considered to be a safe medication when taken as directed by a healthcare professional. However, as with any medication, there is a potential for long term side effects.
Some potential long term side effects of losartan include:
- Kidney problems: While losartan is often used to treat kidney problems, there is a small risk that it can also cause kidney damage, particularly in patients with pre existing kidney disease.
- Liver problems: Rarely, losartan can cause liver damage or liver failure, which can be serious and even life threatening.
- Electrolyte imbalances: Losartan can cause changes in the levels of electrolytes in the body, such as potassium and sodium. In rare cases, this can lead to abnormal heart rhythms or other complications.
- Increased cancer risk: There is some evidence to suggest that long term use of losartan may be associated with an increased risk of cancer, particularly bladder cancer. However, this association is not well established and more research is needed to fully understand the potential risks.
It’s crucial to remember that most losartan users do not encounter these rare potential long term adverse effects. Losartan may be advantageous in treating hypertension or other disorders, and its advantages may outweigh any potential hazards. It’s crucial to talk to your healthcare practitioner if you have any worries about using losartan over an extended period of time.
What are the rare side effects of lostran?
While rare, there are some potential side effects of losartan that can occur in a small percentage of patients. These include:
- Angioedema: This is a serious allergic reaction that can cause swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, making it difficult to breathe. It is more common in patients with a history of angioedema or other allergic reactions.
- Rhabdomyolysis: This is a rare but serious condition in which muscle tissue breaks down and releases a protein called myoglobin into the bloodstream. This can cause kidney damage and lead to kidney failure.
- Hyponatremia: This is a disorder in which the level of sodium in the blood becomes too low. This can cause symptoms such as nausea, headache, confusion, seizures, and coma.
- Thrombocytopenia: This is a condition in which there are too few platelets in the blood, which can increase the risk of bleeding and bruising.
- Stevens Johnson Syndrome: This is a rare and potentially life threatening skin reaction that can cause a painful rash, blisters, and peeling skin.
It’s crucial to understand that while a tiny percentage of patients may suffer these uncommon losartan side effects, most people who take the medicine do not. It’s crucial to contact your healthcare practitioner right away if you encounter any unexpected symptoms or side effects while taking losartan.
Does Losartan have gender specific side effects?
There is some evidence to suggest that losartan may have gender specific side effects. For example:
- Breast enlargement or tenderness: Some studies have suggested that losartan may cause breast enlargement or tenderness in men, although this is a rare side effect.
- Sexual dysfunction: Both men and women taking losartan may experience sexual dysfunction, such as decreased libido or erectile dysfunction in men.
- Fetal toxicity: Losartan should not be used during pregnancy, particularly in the second and third trimesters, as it may cause fetal toxicity. However, this is a concern for women specifically and not a gender specific side effect of the medication.
Do side effects of losartan go away?
The side effects of losartan may go away on their own as your body adjusts to the medication. However, this can vary depending on the specific side effect and the individual’s response to the medication.
Some side effects, such as dizziness or headaches, may be temporary and go away within a few days or weeks of starting the medication. Other side effects, such as low blood pressure or muscle cramps, may persist and require medication adjustments or additional treatment.