Sunburn is a type of skin damage that occurs when the skin is overexposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources, such as tanning beds. It is a common condition that affects many people, particularly during the summer months or in areas with high levels of UV radiation.
The symptoms of sunburn can vary depending on the severity of the burn, but typically include redness, pain, swelling, and blistering. In more severe cases, sunburn can also cause fever, chills, and nausea.
A physical exam is usually used to diagnose sunburn. Your doctor may also inquire about your symptoms, current medications, UV exposure, and sunburn history.
If you get sunburned or have a skin reaction after only a short time in the sun, your doctor may recommend photo testing. To simulate the condition, small sections of skin are exposed to measured levels of UVA and UVB rays. If your skin reacts to photo testing, you are considered photosensitive to sunlight.
5 Ways to treat sun burn at home
Sunburn is a skin condition that occurs when the skin is overexposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The symptoms of sunburn can include redness, pain, swelling, and blistering. Here are some steps you can take to treat a sunburn:
- Cool the skin: Apply cool, damp compresses to the affected area, or take a cool bath or shower. This can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Moisturize the skin: Apply a moisturizing lotion or cream to the affected area. This can help to soothe the skin and prevent it from drying out.
- Take pain relievers: Over the counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to reduce pain and inflammation associated with sunburn.
- Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water to help prevent dehydration, which can be a side effect of sunburn.
- Avoid further sun exposure: Stay out of the sun as much as possible while your skin is healing, and wear protective clothing and sunscreen if you do need to be outside.
What are some effective sunscreens to use?
When choosing a sunscreen, it’s important to look for one that provides broad spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB rays. Here are some effective sunscreens to consider:
- Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunscreen: This sunscreen provides broad spectrum protection and is water resistant for up to 80 minutes. It’s also non greasy and fast absorbing, making it a good option for everyday use.
- La Roche Posay Anthelios Melt In Sunscreen Milk: This one is designed for sensitive skin and provides broad spectrum protection. It contains antioxidants to help protect against environmental damage, and it’s water resistant for up to 80 minutes.
- EltaMD UV Clear Facial Sunscreen: This Facial sunscreen is lightweight and oil free, making it a good option for acne prone skin. It provides broad spectrum protection and contains niacinamide to help soothe and calm the skin.
- Supergoop! Everyday Sunscreen: Supergoop is lightweight and oil free, and it’s designed to be used on both the face and body. It provides broad spectrum protection and contains antioxidants to help protect against environmental damage.
- Coppertone Sport Sunscreen: This sunscreen is water resistant for up to 80 minutes and is designed for active lifestyles. It provides broad spectrum protection and is fast absorbing, making it a good option for outdoor activities.
Remember to apply sunscreen liberally and reapply every two hours or after swimming or sweating. Additionally, it’s important to wear protective clothing and seek shade during peak sun hours to reduce your risk of sunburn and skin damage.